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How to write Urdu Shayari, Poetry | Rules of Writing Urdu Shayari, Poetry

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There are some basic rules of shayari like, Maqta, Matla, Beher, Radif and Qafiyah. To become a sucsessful shayr you must know about these rules

Beher

Behar is the metre of the poem. This can loosely thought of as the length of the sher. Both the lines of a sher must be of the same `behar` or `metre`. Also, all the ashaar of a gazal must be the same behar.

Radeef

Word of phrase that is repeated at the end of the second line in every sher. The same word (s) are repeated.

Qafiyah

The rhyming pattern of the word (s) just before the radeef in the second line of a sher. This is a necessary requirement, followed even in the absence of other rules.

Matla

This is the first sher of a Gazal , and both lines of the sher must end in the radeef. Usually a Gazal has only one matla. If a Gazal has more than one matla, then the second matla is called `matla-e-saani`.

Maqta

A shayar usually had a pen-name under which he wrote.the pen-name is called `taKhallus`.the sher in which the taKhallus is included is called the maqta. It is the last sher of the Gazal.


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